Introduction of the Customs Law of P.R.C.

2010-6-28 16:31:09  

 The Customs Law of the People's Republic of China (hereinafter referred to as the Customs Law) was adopted on January 22, 1987 and amended on July 8, 2000. It contains 9 chapters which includes 102 articles, such as "General Provisions", "Inward and Outward Means of Transport", "Inward and Outward Goods", "Customs Duties", and so on. It is the most fundamental administrative law currently in effect on the supervision and control over all arrivals in and departures from the Customs territory.

    The Customs Law provides the tasks and responsibilities of the China Customs, and it also specifies the setting principles and details of Customs offices, including the special police department responsible for the investigation of smuggling crimes . At the same time, this law states "the 8 Powers" of Customs, for example, to check inward and outward means of transport, to examine inward and outward goods and articles, and to detain those in violation of the Customs Law or other relevant laws and administrative regulations. Furthermore, this law provides for the basic declaration system about inward and outward means of transport, goods and articles.

    The main parts of the Customs Law which contains 86 articles are about Inward and Outward Means of Transport, Goods, Articles, Customs Duties, Customs Security, Enforcement Supervision, and Legal Responsibilities. The basic rules of dealing with the smuggling acts , which are not investigated for criminal liability in accordance with the law, and the acts which violate regulations on Customs control, are specified in the Chapter Ⅷ of this law named "Legal Responsibilities".

    At the end of the Customs Law, some terms used in the law are defined, e.g. "regional Customs", "inward and outward means of transport", "transit, transshipment and through goods", "goods under Customs control", "bonded goods".

Tags: Customs Law